Blood Clots that form in the deep veins of the legs or pelvis (known as deep vein thrombosis or DVT) can cause swelling and leg pain when walking. Inflammation can occur, causing redness, warm skin and tenderness. Risk factors include inactivity, obesity, family history, age over 60, type A blood group, pregnancy, hormones/birth-control pills, and certain diseases.
There is a risk that the clots will move to the lung (pulmonary embolism) — a potentially life-threatening complication. DVT is diagnosed with ultrasound, CT, MRI or a Venogram. Your CiC physician treats DVT by dissolving the clot with a specific medicine. This treatment opens up blood flow and may prevent permanent damage to the blood vessels. Treatment might include insertion of a Vena Cava Filter into the large vein in your abdomen to catch blood clots, preventing them from traveling to your lungs. Your doctor may also put you on blood thinners.
Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis and Thrombectomy
Catheter-directed thrombolysis is performed under imaging guidance by your CiC physician. This procedure, performed in our State-of-the-art Angiography Suite, is designed to rapidly break up the clot, restore blood flow within the vein, and potentially preserve valve function. Your CiC physician inserts a catheter into the popliteal (located behind the knee) or other leg vein and directes it into the vein containing the clot using X-Ray guidance. The catheter tip is placed into the clot and a “clot busting” drug is infused directly to the DVT (clot), assisted by a thrombectomy device. Any narrowing in the vein that might lead to future clot formation can be identified and treated by the physician with a balloon angioplasty or stent placement.
Venous Stasis disease
An all-too-common consequence of DVT is Venous Stasis, which refers to loss of proper function of the veins in the legs that would normally carry blood back toward the heart. Untreated DVT can damage a valves in the vein, leading to Venous Stasis and eventually a chronic, difficult-to-treat condition called Post-Phlebitic Syndrome. Don’t ignore DVT and it’s damaging side-effects. Let CiC help you. Are you ready to feel better?